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Aikido kanji

Aikido Glossary of Basic Body Moves


Ma-ai: The prope distance between nage and uke before the attack begins.

Nage: The person who practices a technique based on the attack of uke.

Uke: The person who attacks nage and follows nage's lead into ukemi.

Ukemi: The art of following and blending in with nage and taking falls without injury. The primary purpose of ukemi is to allow nage to practice a technique without hesitation. 50% of your practice is ukemi.

Zenpo Kaiten: Forward rolls.

Koho Kaiten: Backward rolls.

Junbi Undo: Warming up exercises at the beginning of class.

Senobashi Undo: Stretching backs at the beginning of practice.

Haishin Undo: The backstretch at the end of class.

Hanmi: Your stance. The way you place your feet in relation to your partner's feet.

Ai Hanmi: Both partners have their right foot forward or both partners have their left foot forward.

Gyaku Hanmi: One partner has the right foot forward and the other has the left foot forward.

Shikko: A method of walking on your knees and toes as if your ankles were tied together.

Tori Fune Undo: The rowing exercise.

Tai Sabaki : Body Movements

Tai Sabaki: Precise body movements to control uke's attack, while maintaining a balanced posture.

Tenkan: A basic movement in which nage rotates 180 degrees by sliding your back foot around behind you.

Irimi: A basic movement in which nage slides forward or steps forward. An entering movement.

Tenshin: A basic movement in which nage steps back and off the line as uke steps in or attacks.

Enten: A basic movement in which nage turns more than 180 degrees. With enten, the front foot moves around in contrast to the back foot of the Tenkan.

Uchi Kaiten: Turning inside or under uke's arm during an irimi movement.

Soto Kaiten: Turning outside or toward uke during an irimi movement.

Kiri Kaishi: Crossing over with the arms. This is often done at the beginning of shomen uchi shiho nage.

Surinuke: Pasing through after an irimi movement.

Hiji Dome: Stopping uke's elbow during an attack.

Tai no Henko: Literaly means turning of the body.

Tai no Tenkan: Literally means tenkan of the body.

Parts of the Body

  • Tai: Body
  • Men: face, head
  • Sho Men: front of the head Yoko Men: side of the head
  • Kubi: neck
  • Kata: shoulder
  • Ryokata: both shoulders
  • Ude: arm
  • Hiji: elbow
  • Te: hand
  • Te Kubi: wrist
  • Yubi: fingers
  • Te Gatana: the blade of the hand
  • Mune: chest
  • Kokyu: breath
  • Hara: abdomen
  • Koshi: hips, lower back
  • Hiza: knee
  • Ashi: leg, foot
  • Yubi Ashi: toes
  • Kan Setsu: joint of the body
  • Tanden: the 'center' of the body

Counting Numbers

  • Ichi: One
  • Ni: two
  • San: three
  • Shi: four
  • Go: five
  • Rokku: six
  • Shichi: seven
  • Hachi: eight
  • Kyuu: nine
  • Jyu: ten
  • Jyu-ichi: eleven
  • Jyu-ni: twelve
  • Jyu-san: thirteen
  • Jyu-yon: fourteen
  • Jyu-go: fifteen
  • Jyu-rokku: sixteen
  • Jyu-nana: seventeen
  • Jyu-hachi: eighteen
  • Jyu-kyuu: nineteen
  • Ni-Jyu: twenty
  • Hyaku: one hundred
Back to main Glossary page
Glossary Sections
ETIQUETTE: Terms related to showing respect in Aikido.
ATTACKS: Terms related to an attack by uke in Aikido.
TECHNIQUES: Terms related to the names of techniques performed in Aikido.
IAIDO: Coming Soon.

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