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Aikido Glossary of Techniques


Omote Waza: A version of a technique in which nage enters in front of uke.

Ura Waza: A version of a technique in which nage enters behind uke.

Suwari Waza: Techniques performed when both nage and uke begin on their knees in Shikko.

Tachi Waza: Techniques performed when nage and uke are in a standing position.

Hamni Handachi: Techniques performed when nage begins in shikko and uke attacks from a standing position.

Ji Yuu Waza: Nage may perform any technique from uke's attack.

Henka Waza: Nage switches from one technique to another. For example: ikkyo to kotegaeshi.

Kaeshi Waza: Uke counters or reverses a technique that nage tries to apply.

Ran Dori: Nage is attacked by two or more ukes.

Atemi: A feint or a movement by nage which makes uke react with a retreat or a defensive motion.
Atemi do not usually make hard contact with uke,
but they can help nage create and take advantage of an opening in uke's attack.

Kihon Waza : Basic techniques from which all other techniques are derived.
Kihon waza are divided into katame waza and nage waza.
Katame Waza : Basic pinning and joint locking techniques. Literally, 'stabilizing techniques'.
  • Ikkyo: The first pinning technique.
  • Nikkyo: The second pinning technique.
  • Sankyo: The third pinning technique.
  • Yonkyo: The fourth pinning technique.
  • Gokyo: A pinning technique to take away a weapon.
Nage Waza: Basic throwing techniques.
  • Irimi Nage:An entering throw in which nage's arm lifts uke's chin. (Often called the 20 year throw)
  • Hitoe Irimi Nage: A backhand version of irimi nage.
  • Shiho Nage: Literally the four direction throw. Nage brings uke's hand to uke's shoulder.
  • Kotegaeshi: Nage turns uke's wrist out with fingers pointing to inside of uke's elbow.
  • Gyaku Kotegaeshi: A reverse hand grip of kotegaeshi often done from a ryote tori attack.
  • Tenshi Nage: The 'Heaven and Earth' throw. One of nage's hands goes up and in while the other goes down and out.
  • Kaiten Nage: The rolling throw. Nage gently places one hand on the back of uke's neck and the other hand on one of uke's wrists behind uke's back forcing uke to bend over and roll.
  • Ude Kime Nage: Nage has one hand on uke's wrist while the other arm extends under uke's elbow.
  • Juji Nage: Nage has uke's arms crossed with a hand on each wrist. Nage's arms are not crossed.
  • Kaza Garuma: The windmill throw often done with a tsuki attack.
  • Kokyu Ho: Breathing and extrension exercise often done at the end of class.
  • Suwari Waza Kokyu Ho: Nage and uke start in seiza.
  • Morote Tori Kokyu Ho: Nage and uke start standing. Uke attacks with morote tori.
  • Kokyu Nage: A breath throw. If you don't know the name of a throw, call it 'Kokyu Nage'.

Oyo Waza: Non-Basic Aikido techniques based on Kihon Waza.
  • Okuri Irimi Nage: A version of irimi nage in which uke's feet are swept out from under them.
  • Ude Hishigi Nikkyo: A joint lock on the elbow often used as a counter against tsuki with tanto (the wooden knife.) Also called Rokyo.
  • Ude Garami Nikkyo: A version of nikkyo in which nage has his or her arms crossed around uke's wrist and elbow and leads uke around and down directly into a nikkyo pin.
  • Koshi Nage: Basic hip throw.
    Shiho Goshi: Koshi nage while holding shiho nage.
    Irimi Goshi: Koshi nage from irimi nage.
    Juji Goshi: Koshi nage from juji nage.
    Kote Hineri Koshi Nage: Koshi nage holding sankyo.
    Ko Goshi: Koshi nage with one arm over uke's neck.
    Uki Goshi: Koshi nage using the front of the hip with one arm behind uke's back.
    Hajiki Goshi: Push off the front of the hip not over the hip.
    O Goshi: A big koshi nage using a full hip turn.
    Tsuribe Goshi: Koshi nage with one hand at uke's elbow.
    Tsuri Komi Goshi: Koshi nage with one hand on uke's wrist.
    Kata Garuma: Koshi nage over the shoulders.
    Hizatate Kata Garuma: Koshi nage over the shoulders with one knee down.
    Ushiro Goshi: Koshi nage from behind uke using the front of the hip. Uke's feet get swept out.
  • Otoshi: Drops.
    Tai Otoshi: Body drop with a straight projection.
    Sumi Otoshi: Corner drop with a projection angled behind uke.
    Aiki Otoshi: Drop uke belly up off the front of the hip.
    Hiki Otoshi: Pulling drop while grabbing uke's wrist or arm.
    Kata Hiki Otoshi: Shoulder pulling drop.
    Kiri Otoshi: Cutting down on uke's elbow drop.
    Uchi Otoshi: Atemi to uke's face drop.
    Maki Otoshi: Wrapping drop while going down on one knee.
    Uki Otoshi: Drop over nage's upright knee with the other knee down.
    Seio Otoshi: Shoulder drop. Nage goes down on one knee.
    Claud Berthiaume Sensei demonstrating Seio Otoshi with Joel Posluns Sensei
    Claude Berthiaume Sensei, Chief Instructor of Aikido de la Montagne in Montreal, Canada,
    demonstrating Seio Otoshi with Joel Posluns Sensei, Chief Instructor of North Vancouver Aikikai.
Back to main Glossary page
Glossary Sections
ETIQUETTE: Terms related to showing respect in Aikido.
BASIC MOVEMENTS: Terms related to body movements, body parts and counting numbers.
ATTACKS: Terms related to an attack by uke in Aikido.
IAIDO: Coming Soon.

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